PHI 220 Midterm Exam
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Question 1 .0 out of 2 points
In “From Cruelty to Goodness,” Hallie argues that the opposite of cruelty is __________.
. Question 2 .2 out of 2 points
Josiah Royce argues that ________ has fundamental moral significance in our relationship to our neighbor.
. Question 3 .2 out of 2 points
According to Hallie, the subtlest kind of cruelty is ________ cruelty.
. Question 4 .2 out of 2 points
Philip Hallie’s approach to ethics emphasizes __________.
. Question 5 .0 out of 2 points
For Royce, we must come to realize that __________.
. Question 6 .2 out of 2 points
Which of the following does Hallie accuse Bennett of wrongly disregarding in his ranking of immoral actions?
. Question 7 .0 out of 2 points
In his “The Evil that Men Think – and Do,” Hallie argues that many contemporary analyzers of evil are misguided because they __________.
. Question 8 .2 out of 2 points
In “From Cruelty to Goodness,” Hallie states that ethics involves __________
. Question 9 .2 out of 2 points
Which of the following is a positive ethical rule?
. Question 10 .0 out of 2 points
Fluehr-Leben was influenced by ________ in her rejection of relativism.
. Question 11 .2 out of 2 points
The ________ Thesis is the claim that morality derives its legitimacy from individual cultural acceptance.
. Question 12 .2 out of 2 points
Martin Luther King, Jr., in his “I Have a Dream” speech, appeals to ________ rights.
. Question 13 .2 out of 2 points
Which one of the following is not a right present in the UN Declaration of Human Rights?
. Question 14 .2 out of 2 points
Which one of the following does Herodotus refer to in support of relativism?
. Question 15 .0 out of 2 points
Ethical pluralism is the view that __________.
. Question 16 .0 out of 2 points
Fluehr-Leben argues that anthropologists __________.
. Question 17 .0 out of 2 points
Heroditus believed that morality is based on __________.
. Question 18 .2 out of 2 points
The person who believes in ethical relativism believes that there are __________.
. Question 19 .2 out of 2 points
Which of the following claims does Pojman not argue for?
. Question 20 .0 out of 2 points
We should be virtuous because ________, argues Colin McGinn.
. Question 21 .0 out of 2 points
James Rachels argues that a good response to the ethical egoist is to say that __________.
. Question 22 .2 out of 2 points
David Hume ________ the belief that those who appear benevolent, friendly, or faithful are really just doing so under false pretense in the pursuit of some private interest.
. Question 23 .0 out of 2 points
David Hume thinks that ________ refutes egoism.
. Question 24 .0 out of 2 points
Which of the following philosophers believes that altruistic ethics is responsible for immorality, injustice, and conflict?
. Question 25 .0 out of 2 points
James Rachels believes that there ________ to accept psychological egoism.
. Question 26 .2 out of 2 points
If a person has the virtue of ________, then she has the capacity to make up her own mind based on the relevant evidence and facts, and is not swayed by the pressure to conform.
. Question 27 .0 out of 2 points
The honest person ________ tells other people what she thinks about them.
. Question 28 .2 out of 2 points
The absolute altruist holds that __________.
. Question 29 .2 out of 2 points
The story of the Ring of Gyges is employed by Glaucon to illustrate the claim that __________.
. Question 30 .2 out of 2 points
Which of the following is not a confusion that helps remove the plausibility of psychological egoism?
. Question 31 .0 out of 2 points
The primary ethical focus of the Sermon on the Mount is ________.
. Question 32 .2 out of 2 points
What makes right acts right, according to the Divine Command Theory?
. Question 33 .0 out of 2 points
For Mill, when calculating the utility of any particular action, we must include the happiness it will produce for __________.
. Question 34 .2 out of 2 points
Any moral theory that does not absolutely prohibit ________ is thereby to be rejected, according to Fred Sommers.
. Question 35 .2 out of 2 points
According to Hume, morality originates from __________.
. Question 36 .0 out of 2 points
According to Richard Taylor, the task of moral philosophy is to __________.
. Question 37 .2 out of 2 points
The Sermon on the Mount tells us that we should imitate ________.
. Question 38 .0 out of 2 points
According to Mill, the pleasures of the intellect have ________ the pleasures of the senses.
. Question 39 .0 out of 2 points
Which moral theory holds that the consequences of an action determine the moral worth of that action?
. Question 40 .2 out of 2 points
According to John Stuart Mill, ________ is the fundamental concern of ethics.
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Read “Egoism and Moral Skepticism” by James Rachels, located in Chapter 3: Morality and Self Interest. Discuss his views and provide a valid and logical analysis and response. Write a two to three (2-3) page paper in which you: Analyze James Rachel’s arguments regarding psychol..
Eactivity: Go to the American Philanthropic Website to read the article titled “David Hume and the virtue of benevolence”, dated December 9, 2011, located at http://www.philanthropydaily.com/?p=7752. (Note: Some believe that the “contextual character” of Hume’s approach to virtue has giv..
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"The Holocaust and Moral Philosophy" Please respond to the following: · Debate It: Take a position for or against this statement: The moral philosophy of the Holocaust suggests that morals are relative, not absolute. Provide reasons and examples..
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Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God" Please respond to the following: Compare Jonathan Edwards’ presentation, which claims that divine judgment will be brought down on a person who yields to vice, to Plutarch’s argument that there “is no pleasure in vice”. Discuss the issue, and provide exam..
Debate It. Take a position for or against Singer’s claim that each person has a serious moral obligation to do something about world hunger. Provide reasons and examples to support your view. Evaluate Fullinwider’s claim that a company’s record of discrimination will keep reproducing it..
· Discuss your level of agreement or disagreement with Kant’s “categorical Imperative” and respond to this question: Can people determine in every circumstance what “the right thing to do” would be? Provide reasons and examples to support your view...