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PHI 220 Midterm Exam
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PHI 220 Midterm Exam

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Course Ethics 

 

 Question 1 .0 out of 2 points

   

 In “From Cruelty to Goodness,” Hallie argues that the opposite of cruelty is __________.

 

. Question 2 .2 out of 2 points

   

 Josiah Royce argues that ________ has fundamental moral significance in our relationship to our neighbor.

 

. Question 3 .2 out of 2 points

   

 According to Hallie, the subtlest kind of cruelty is ________ cruelty.

. Question 4 .2 out of 2 points

   

 Philip Hallie’s approach to ethics emphasizes __________.

 

. Question 5 .0 out of 2 points

   

 For Royce, we must come to realize that __________.

 

. Question 6 .2 out of 2 points

   

 Which of the following does Hallie accuse Bennett of wrongly disregarding in his ranking of immoral actions?

           

 

. Question 7 .0 out of 2 points

   

 In his “The Evil that Men Think – and Do,” Hallie argues that many contemporary analyzers of evil are misguided because they __________.

 

. Question 8 .2 out of 2 points

   

 In “From Cruelty to Goodness,” Hallie states that ethics involves __________

 

. Question 9 .2 out of 2 points

   

 Which of the following is a positive ethical rule?

. Question 10 .0 out of 2 points

   

 Fluehr-Leben was influenced by ________ in her rejection of relativism.

 

. Question 11 .2 out of 2 points

   

 The ________ Thesis is the claim that morality derives its legitimacy from individual cultural acceptance.

 

. Question 12 .2 out of 2 points

   

 Martin Luther King, Jr., in his “I Have a Dream” speech, appeals to ________ rights.

 

. Question 13 .2 out of 2 points

   

 Which one of the following is not a right present in the UN Declaration of Human Rights? 

 

. Question 14 .2 out of 2 points

   

 Which one of the following does Herodotus refer to in support of relativism?

. Question 15 .0 out of 2 points

   

 Ethical pluralism is the view that __________.

. Question 16 .0 out of 2 points

   

 Fluehr-Leben argues that anthropologists __________. 

. Question 17 .0 out of 2 points

   

 Heroditus believed that morality is based on __________.

. Question 18 .2 out of 2 points

   

 The person who believes in ethical relativism believes that there are __________.

 

. Question 19 .2 out of 2 points

   

 Which of the following claims does Pojman not argue for?

. Question 20 .0 out of 2 points

   

 We should be virtuous because ________, argues Colin McGinn.

. Question 21 .0 out of 2 points

   

 James Rachels argues that a good response to the ethical egoist is to say that __________.

 

. Question 22 .2 out of 2 points

   

 David Hume ________ the belief that those who appear benevolent, friendly, or faithful are really just doing so under false pretense in the pursuit of some private interest.

 

. Question 23 .0 out of 2 points

   

 David Hume thinks that ________ refutes egoism.

 

. Question 24 .0 out of 2 points

   

 Which of the following philosophers believes that altruistic ethics is responsible for immorality, injustice, and conflict?

 

. Question 25 .0 out of 2 points

   

 James Rachels believes that there ________ to accept psychological egoism.

 

. Question 26 .2 out of 2 points

   

 If a person has the virtue of ________, then she has the capacity to make up her own mind based on the relevant evidence and facts, and is not swayed by the pressure to conform.

 

. Question 27 .0 out of 2 points

   

 The honest person ________ tells other people what she thinks about them.

 

. Question 28 .2 out of 2 points

   

 The absolute altruist holds that __________.

 

. Question 29 .2 out of 2 points

   

 The story of the Ring of Gyges is employed by Glaucon to illustrate the claim that __________.

 

. Question 30 .2 out of 2 points

   

 Which of the following is not a confusion that helps remove the plausibility of psychological egoism? 

. Question 31 .0 out of 2 points

   

 The primary ethical focus of the Sermon on the Mount is ________.

 

. Question 32 .2 out of 2 points

   

 What makes right acts right, according to the Divine Command Theory?

 

. Question 33 .0 out of 2 points

   

 For Mill, when calculating the utility of any particular action, we must include the happiness it will produce for __________.

.

 

. Question 34 .2 out of 2 points

   

 Any moral theory that does not absolutely prohibit ________ is thereby to be rejected, according to Fred Sommers. 

 

. Question 35 .2 out of 2 points

   

 According to Hume, morality originates from __________.

 

. Question 36 .0 out of 2 points

   

 According to Richard Taylor, the task of moral philosophy is to __________.

 

. Question 37 .2 out of 2 points

   

 The Sermon on the Mount tells us that we should imitate ________.

 

. Question 38 .0 out of 2 points

   

 According to Mill, the pleasures of the intellect have ________ the pleasures of the senses.

 

. Question 39 .0 out of 2 points

   

 Which moral theory holds that the consequences of an action determine the moral worth of that action? 

 

. Question 40 .2 out of 2 points

   

 According to John Stuart Mill, ________ is the fundamental concern of ethics. 

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